School Girls

A high school girl is an abbreviation for a high school girl and a high school girl. There is “JK” (abbreviation of Joshi-Kousei, JK, JK) as an abbreviation for high school girls. Another name is “girl student” (jogakusei), which refers to a girl student in junior high school or high school.

History
n the prewar school system, the students of “High School Girls”, which is one of the old secondary schools corresponding to the current high schools, are classified as “high school girls”. In 1882, Japan’s first high school (currently Ochanomizu University Junior and Senior High School) attached to Tokyo Women’s Normal School (later reorganized into Tokyo Women’s Higher Normal School), the first female teacher training institution in Japan. Was born.

The old high school in the prewar school system was named “high school”, but it was a higher education institution (equivalent to the current university and college of technology), and girls were not admitted. It was from the entrance examination in 1947 that the old high school opened its doors to girls, and it was from this year that the name “high school girl” was born. However, due to the reform of the school system, the old system secondary school was switched to the new system high school, and the enrollment of the old system high school was the last in 1948. The 1947 enrollment of the old system was enrolled until the abolition of the old system high school in March 1950, and the enrollment of the 48th year went on to the new university after completing the first year. There were two types of high school girls. From 1950, only high school girls with a new system have been available until now.

It is unclear when the word “high school girl” began to be used, but in the evening edition of Akita Sakigake Shimpo in February 1962, there was an article titled “A high school girl who loves flowers blooming in hospitals.” There is.

Culture
It is said that “high school girls” attracted attention as a culture in the 1990s when post-baby boomer juniors were in high school. It is said that the “high school girl boom” occurred due to the mass media focusing on the culture of high school girls, being introduced as trends and new movements on TV, and social problems such as burusera and enkou dating. There is. In August 1993, mass media coverage of Brucella shops began all over the country, and the fashion of loose socks and miniskirt uniforms, the quick introduction and utilization of new communication tools such as pocket bells and mobile phones, and the creation of new words such as “Choberiba”. , Continued to provide topics to the mass media, such as “enjo kosai” via telekura and two-shot dial. Voices point out that the image of a “high school girl” who overturns conventional values ​​and pushes forward while the Japanese economy is sluggish after the burst of the bubble economy may have acted like a kind of camphor agent for the mass media. There is also.

Since the 1990s, there is a view that “uniforms” have become more fashionable, fashionable, and a means of culture. Mentioned in “Japan LifeStyle”, opinions of Paris girls such as “Japanese high school girls’ uniforms are a symbol of freedom”, a sharp increase in uniform fashion from the previous year at the 2009 Japan Expo, and uniforms are always featured in fashion magazines The uniform fashion event “Kawaii Festa” was held in March 2009 in Bangkok, Thailand.