Pink Lady is a duo dance music idol who was active in the late 1970s. A duo of Me (currently Mitsuyo Nemoto) and Kay (currently Keiko Masuda). Many songs were written by Yu Aku (lyrics) and Shunichi Tokura (composer). The agency is T & C Music, and the music publishing rights and management are Burning Publishers.
Encounter and debut
The two, who were classmates in junior high school and Tokoha High School (currently Tokoha High School attached to Tokoha University), passed the auditions sponsored by Yamaha Music in 1973, and will attend Yamaha Vocal School as special students. At the recommendation of the instructor, he formed a duo called “Cookie” and aimed to become a singer. He advanced to the 1974 Popcon Tokai District Tournament Final under the name of Cookie and sang “Love Lesson”. When they appeared on the TV program “Star Tanjo!”, Which triggered their debut, they wore matching overalls and appeared in a simple atmosphere. By singing a folk group song (Pepper’s “Leave the room”. Among the members, Masako Kanou later re-debuted as a member of the chorus group “Circus”), the song was almost unknown at that time. Attention is paid and passes.
It was Hisahiko Iida of Victor Music Industry who paved the way for his professional debut against the company policy in “Star Tanjo!”. When he made his debut as a singer, he was produced by a completely different character. The mini costume of glittering fabric with exposed limbs (designed by Yoko Noguchi) and the tune that emphasizes the rhythm and beat made the simple duo who look good in the countryside a flashy song duo. At the beginning of his debut, he often appeared on late-night programs for adults because he performed a fierce and sexy dance that boldly opened his thighs. The composer, Shunichi Tokura, said, “I named it” Pink Lady “after the cocktail Pink Lady, so I didn’t make it” Pink Lady’s “(plural).”
Immediately after his debut, he was seen as a kid, but first of all, the children at that time enthusiastically remembered the choreography (all by Hajime Doi) and began to imitate it. Therefore, in contrast to the former sexy singer represented by Linda Yamamoto, she succeeded in gaining widespread popularity among men and women of all ages. Not only was the record a big hit, but as it became more popular, character goods with the figures of the two printed on various products in many industries such as clothing, stationery, tableware, bicycles and food were sold, and Pink Lady’s Existence has led to unimaginable huge economic effects.
Pink Lady’s debut single “Pepper Police Department” (August 1976) sold 600,000 copies (according to Oricon research) and became a million-seller hit on a shipping basis, winning the “18th Japan Record Award” New Artist Award at the end of 1976. Acquired, and became a long hit in 1977. In this song, a novel dance including a pose with both legs open to the crotch attracted a lot of attention from the world at that time. The second single “SOS” (November 1976) and the third single “Carmen ’77” (March 1977) are also big hits that record No. 1 on the Oricon chart.
The fourth single, “Nagisa no Sindbad” (June 1977), became Pink Lady’s first million-seller on the Oricon chart. With this song, the popularity of Pink Lady has become a “social phenomenon”, and the “Pink Lady whirlwind” has blown into the Japanese archipelago. In honor of Pink Lady’s “Nagisa no Sindbad”, the Southern All Stars, who had just debuted at the time, made a big hit in 1977 with Kenji Sawada’s “19th Japan Record Awards” winning song “Arbitrarily Yagare”. “And” Nagisa no Sindbad “are multiplied, and the song title of their debut single is” Sindbad “. The fifth single “Wonted” (September 1977) was also a big hit, recording No. 1 on Oricon for 12 consecutive weeks, and even a cover song by a foreign singer was released in the United States. At the end of 1977, Pink Lady won the “Popular Award” by singing “SOS”, “Carmen ’77”, “Nagisa’s Sindbad” and “Wanted” at the Japan Record Awards in a non-stop medley.
The sixth single “UFO” (December 1977) also recorded a million seller and won the “20th Japan Record Awards” at the end of 1978. Until then, there was no precedent for a “disco-pop” idol singer like Pink Lady to win the Record Award, and Pink Lady’s Record Award was truly an “unprecedented revolution.” Also, in “UFO”, the lyrics written by Yu Aku, “The beauty of the earth falls in love with an alien,” were epoch-making at that time.
The 7th single “South Paw” (March 1978) also became a million seller. In this “southpaw”, “a scene where a left-handed female pitcher fights with Sadaharu Oh” is depicted, which was the predominant “Yomiuri Giants’ fourth batter, Sadaharu Oh’s home run world record boom”. (Around this time, Sadaharu Oh received the first National Honor Award). Pink Lady’s lyricist Yu Aku had a policy of “writing lyrics is an era.” In addition, the next single “Monster” (June 1978) also received the “big boom momentum” that followed “Nagisa no Sindbad”, “Wanted”, “UFO”, and “Southpaw”. Recorded a million seller.
Thus, the peak of Pink Lady’s popularity lasted for two years from 1977 to 1978. Children were the main supporters of the Pink Lady’s popularity at its peak, with 42.5% of Pink Lady supporters aged 3-12, according to a 1978 Original Confidence survey.
It was also the most popular bromide in 1978. In addition, songs such as “Southpaw” and “Transparent Human” (September 1978), which did not directly focus on the relationship between men and women, were also characteristic of the songs at that time.
The popularity has exploded, and the million-seller (shipment base) of 9 songs in a row and 10 songs in a row at Oricon is a new record at that time. The total number of top-ranked songs on the Oricon single chart (63 weeks) was the highest until B’z broke the record with “Uchuten” on January 26, 2015 (Pink Lady has 9 songs for 63 weeks in total). B’z achieved a total of 64 weeks with 47 songs. Also, for 27 of the 28 weeks from the 3rd week of July 1977 to the 3rd week of February 1978, Pink Lady was 1 I had won the place). Also, on November 20, 2006, Morning Musume was the leader of nine songs by female group artists. Was the best record until he broke the record with “walking”. It was often compared to the idol trio Candies, which debuted about three years earlier (September 1973), but the number of records sold at that time was overwhelmingly higher than that of Pink Lady.
Red and white song battle declined, advanced to the United States, popularity plummeted in Japan
“Chameleon Army” (December 1978) also won the No. 1 on the Oricon chart, and with this, the Oricon single chart consecutive top record from “SOS” in 1976 became nine songs. Meanwhile, he dared to decline to participate in the “29th NHK Kouhaku Uta Gassen” on New Year’s Eve in 1978, and appeared on the NTV charity program “Pink Lady Sweat and Tears on New Year’s Eve 150 Minutes !!”. However, the audience rating (Video Research, Kanto area survey) was 72.2% for the national program “Kohaku” at that time, while the counterprogram in which Pink Lady appeared was 8.2%, which was a disastrous defeat. Even so, it is said that he fought well, exceeding 6.2% of the previous year’s “Blow away the red and white song battle of Conte 55! What are you doing !?”
In 1979, the day after the heyday of new music, “Zipangu” (March 1979) remained in 4th place on the Oricon chart, and the consecutive top record finally stopped. After that, it remained in the Oricon Best 10 until “Pink Typhoon” (May 1979) and “Nami Nori Pirates” (July 1979). However, the Miha route got tired, the arrival of a new idol era that changed to Pink Lady in Japan, and the unprecedented decline to participate in the red and white song battle, the popularity plummeted due to intense bashing from the media, and the troubles of the office and the members Love troubles are combined.
However, the activities in the United States that have been underway for a long time are going well, and “Kiss In The Dark”, which became the debut single in the United States, ranked 37th overall on Billboard, and it was the golden time of NBC, one of the three major networks in the United States. He had a solid track record, such as having a program bearing his name. However, she returned to Japan without renewing her contract in the United States, and although she refocused on her activities in Japan, she once overturned her negative image. I couldn’t, and I couldn’t regain her momentum. For this reason, it was often said that her advance into the United States was a failure in Japan, but so far no other Japanese singer has been as active as the Pink Lady in the United States. There are pros and cons to the broadcast content of the crown program, but it has also been made into a DVD in the United States.
And on September 1, 1980, Pink Lady announced the dissolution together. Seven months later, on March 31, 1981, a dissolution concert will be held at Korakuen Stadium. However, on the day of the concert, it was a bad weather with sleet of cold rain, and as symbolized by the stand where the vacant seats were conspicuous, there was almost no sign of the peak period, and the Candies dissolution concert compared with something (April 1978) Was too lonely compared to being overcrowded, and the director allegedly rushed to fit it in TV size until the moment of tears and embrace. The number of spectators at the dissolution concert is said to be 30,000 as announced by the organizer and about 15,000 according to the testimony of fire department officials.
The activity period is 4 years and 7 months. The agency at that time went bankrupt immediately after the dissolution, and Yasuo Nuki, who was the president, also left the entertainment world.
After the dissolution, he has been solo as an actress and a talent. As a Pink Lady, she has been reunited several times until 2005 for a limited time. When two people appear on TV, Kay often appears in pink and Mitsuyo Nemoto in blue. This is a sign that Kay has always loved pink since he was active.
In 2010, on September 1st, just 30 years after the declaration of dissolution, he declared “Stop dissolution!” And announced that he would resume his activities as Pink Lady and continue his solo activities in parallel. From May 2011, the Pink Lady Concert Tour 2011 “INNOVATION” will be held as a full-scale restart.
On December 31, 2017, he appeared as a special guest on TBS’s “59th Japan Record Awards” for the first time in 39 years. This is a celebration of the late Yu Aku, the lyricist who wrote the lyrics for Pink Lady, who received the special award. He sang three non-stop medleys, “Pepper Keibu,” “Wanted,” and “UFO.” The following year, at the 60th Japan Record Awards on December 30, 2018, he took the stage again in memory of Keizo Takahashi, the moderator at the time of receiving the 1978 Reco Award at “UFO”. He sang four non-stop medleys, “UFO,” “SOS,” “Nagisa no Sindbad,” and “Southpaw,” which are one more song than in 2017.
1. Police Department Pepper (August 25, 1976, sales of 605,000)
According to Yu Aku’s book “The Men Who Eat Dreams-” Star Tanjo! “And the Golden 70’s”, the origin of Aku’s name for this song is either a quote from Dr. Pepper or Sargent Peppers.・ Is it from the Lonely Hearts Club band, from the character Crusoe of “Pink Panther”, or from the pepper (malfunction) that appears in the fall of the rakugo squeaky lecture, or is it associated with pepper, or Sone Shirou’s old years It may be associated with the hit song “Young Policeman”, but all of them are postscript interpretations (by Yu Aku himself), and the truth is that they do not know. Sheriff Pepper (later the Inspector) in the movies “Live and Let Die” and “The Man with the Golden Gun” is not mentioned in the book. The choreography that boldly opened his legs in dance was initially unpopular with vulgarity and the media. The B-side “Kanpai Ojousan” was also popular, and this was also a song that was conscious of Candies. According to the above-mentioned book “The Men Who Eat Dreams”, Aku wrote the lyrics from the beginning with the intention of making side A “Pepper Keibu” and side B “Cheers Lady”, but initially Victor wrote “Cheers Lady” as Side A. It is said that he tried to sell it at.
2.S ・ O ・ S (November 25, 1976, sales of 654,000)
The first Oricon chart. There was a SOS Morse code in the intro, and some radio stations refrained from broadcasting for a while because they were concerned about the balance with the distress signal provisions of the Radio Law. Also, when he appeared on TV, he used the intro that started with Morse code only immediately after its release, but immediately switched to a performance that pulled it out.
3. Carmen ’77 (March 10, 1977, sales of 663,000)
From around this song, the number of intense choreography increased, giving a further impact.
4. Nagisa’s Sindbad (June 10, 1977, 1 million sales)
It was the first million-seller on Oricon, and since then, it has recorded five consecutive million-sellers on Oricon until “Monster”. Won first place on the Oricon chart for a total of 8 weeks.
5. Wanted (Nomination Arrangement) (September 5, 1977, 1.2 million sales)
Continued to win No. 1 on the Oricon chart from “Nagisa’s Sindbad”, and this song alone won No. 1 for 12 consecutive weeks. Simple choreography spreads among children, and the imitation of choreography becomes popular. The Yellow Magic Orchestra (YMO) has also performed at early concerts.
6.UFO (December 5, 1977, sales of 1.55 million)
The number of Oricon charts is 1.55 million, and the number of shipments is 1.95 million. Recorded the largest sales for a Pink Lady single (both the number of Oricon charts and the number of shipments). From “Wanted” to Miyuki Nakajima’s “Wakareuta” (1 week only), she won the 1st place on the Oricon chart for 10 consecutive weeks. The song that won the 20th Japan Record Awards.
7. Southpaw (March 25, 1978)
Achieved “1st place on Oricon chart”, which was still rare at that time. In the lyrics, a batter who imagined Sadaharu Oh, who was a star of the same era, appears (see Sadaharu Oh # Related Works). In addition, in high school baseball cheering songs, it is still a standard song along with Linda Yamamoto’s “Aiming Uchi”. There is a version of the song that has been stored. The lyrics and tunes are different here, and no batter with the image of Sadaharu Oh appears. This was recorded, but I never saw the light of day. The dead version of “Southpaw” was commercialized in 2008 by being recorded in the CD-BOX “Sequel Human Manyouta”, which is a collection of lyrics by Yu Aku. It became an insert song in the movie “Winter’s Flower” starring Ken Takakura, and this song was played in the reunion scene with Mary, who is played by Mitsuko Baisho.
8. Monster (June 25, 1978)
From the beginning, the intro that the two shouted “Cha!” To the eerie monster’s voice “Wahahaha …” (voice processing to Shunichi Tokura’s voice) became a hot topic.
9. Invisible Man (September 9, 1978)
The number of reserved records exceeded 600,000 and made an unusual record at that time. The costume was a see-through costume based on a triangular bra and hot pants. Side B is the theme song of “Fly! Son Goku” “Super Monkey Son Goku”.
10. Chameleon Army (December 5, 1978)
In Oricon, achieved a rare record of 88th place for the first appearance → 1st place the following week. This song was used as an insert song in “Lupin III (TV 2nd Series)” episode 74 “Chameleon of Horror”. It became an insert song in the action movie “We have no grave” starring Yusaku Matsuda, and the main character “Katsuo Shima” played by Matsuda held the first meeting of the attack on Tsuzuki Kogyo in the store of the main character’s hideout, Bar Ayama. This song was played when I was playing.
11. Zipangu (March 9, 1979)
The record of the number of shipments exceeding 1 million in a row since the debut song and the record of No. 1 in the Oricon chart that has continued since “SOS” are cut off, but the total number of sales of the total single record has exceeded 10 million. This was also the first feat in Oricon history. Like “Chameleon Army”, in “We don’t have a grave”, when the island failed to attack Tsuzuki Kogyo and joined hands with Takita, when Michi came back to the store and opened the store, this song Was flowing.
12. Pink Typhoon (In The Navy) (May 1, 1979)
A cover of Village People’s “In The Navy”. It will be a competition with Teppei Shibuya’s “Young Sailor Man (In The Navy)” of the same cover song.
13. Nami Nori Pirates (July 5, 1979)
The Beach Boys participated in the chorus on the B-side “USA blow board”.
14.Kiss In The Dark (September 5, 1979)
National debut single. It was ranked 37th in the “HOT 100” of Billboard magazine. In the general chart, it is the second record after Kyu Sakamoto. Became the last Japanese singer to be in the top 40 by 2011 (because of the influence of the radio program “American Top 40”, ranking in the top 40 tends to be emphasized as a standard for hit songs. is there).
15. Monday Mona Lisa Club (September 9, 1979)
The combination of Yu Aku and Shunichi Tokura talked about “It’s about time to make a song for Me and Kay, ignoring children’s customers.”
16.DO YOUR BEST (December 5, 1979)
In order to support Japanese athletes who were scheduled to participate in the 1980 Moscow Olympics, Pink Lady called for a player strengthening donation with the catchphrase “Do your best! Nippon Fundraising Do your best!”. After that, for political reasons, Japan boycotted the Moscow Olympics following the United States, and the call for increased donations disappeared. It has not been shown on Fuji TV’s “Yoru no Hit Studio”.
17. Love, GIRI GIRI (March 5, 1980)
At the time of its release, Pink Lady was active in the United States, so it was a song that was sung only once on TV.
18. History of World Heroes (May 21, 1980)
Single after returning to Japan. At that time, the theory of dissolution was heard, and the two and the office initially denied it completely, but about three months later, the declaration of dissolution will be announced on September 1.
19. Utakata (September 21, 1980)
A Japanese version of the song “Strangers When We Kiss” from the album “Pink Lady in USA” released in the United States.
20. Remember (Fame) (December 5, 1980)
A Japanese cover of the theme song of the movie “Fame” sung by Irene Cara, who later made the theme song of the movie “Flashdance” a big hit.
21.Last Pretender (January 21, 1981)
It has never been sung on TV since its announcement, and during the “~ Grand Finale ~ MEMORIAL CONCERT SPECIAL” held on May 27, 2005, there was a single song that was not sung in the concert. , It was announced that he had sealed the singing, and he never actually sang until the end. Therefore, the choreography is unknown. The song is the same song as Raji’s “False Eyes” (lyrics: Yukihiro Takahashi / Kenji Omura, composition / arrangement / production: Yukihiro Takahashi) released in 1980. Techno song by.
22.OH! (March 5, 1981)
Last single. As a result, the combination of Yu Aku and Shunichi Tokura, who worked on the most songs of the two, will be the last. After Pink Lady disbanded in 1981, Mitsuyo Nemoto (then MIE) performed “NEVER” (the theme song for the TBS “Bad Girl”) in 1984, and Keiko Masuda (then Keiko). In 1982, he made “Suzume” (written and composed by Miyuki Nakajima) a big hit as a solo singer.
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